Do you know whenever you click “shutDown” in your windows 8/10 PC, the Windows doesn’t absolutely shut down? it hibernates the kernel, saving its state so it can boot faster(of course you know win8/10 boot faster than win7). In case you’re experiencing laptop issues and want to reset that, you should be restarting your laptop then.
Why Doesn’t the “shut Down” option fully shut Down?
This weirdness is all as a result of windows 10’s “fast Startup” function, that’s enabled by default. This feature was added in Windows 8, and has also been known as fast Boot and Hybrid Boot or Hybrid Shutdown.
In the conventional shutdown process, windows absolutely shut down the entirety, discards the running device state. It begins up from scratch the next time the laptop boots as well. While you hibernate, windows save the whole system state, inclusive of all of your open applications and files to disk so that you can speedily resume from where you left off.
Fast Startup mixes the traditional shutdown process with hibernation. With fast Startup is enabled, windows 10 discards all your open programs and documents. However, it saves the state of the windows kernel to disk (as it’d during hibernation). The following time you boot your computer, windows restore the kernel and starts up the rest of the system.
The kernel does not restart from scratch; that’s the culprit.
The kernel is the low-level core program on the heart of the operating system. It has complete control over your pc and is one of the first things loaded at some point of the boot process. The hardware drivers that your laptop uses to engage with its hardware devices are part of the kernel. Loading a snapshot of the saved kernel quickens the startup process, as windows don’t need to take time to load all of the device drivers and reinitialize your hardware devices.
This kernel hibernation process all happens automatically whilst you click on “shut Down,” and people will not even often notice. However, it means that if a hardware driver on your kernel is stuck in a weird state, shutting down your computer and then booting it back up again won’t repair the problem. windows save the current state and restore it instead of reinitializing the whole thing.
The way to carry out a full shut Down and Restart
In case you’re troubleshooting system issues, you’ll need to perform a full shut down of the kernel. To do this, just click on the “Restart” option in the menu rather than the “shut Down” option. Windows restart your pc, but it performs a full shut down first and discards the state of the kernel whilst doing so.
Microsoft made this decision due to the fact people experiencing troubles often reboot their computer systems to repair them and also to make booting faster. So it makes some sense.
You could also perform a full shut down with the aid of pressing and hold the Shift key on your keyboard whilst you click on the “shut Down” option in windows. This works if you’re clicking the option within the start menu, on the sign-in screen, or on the screen that appears when you press Ctrl+Alt+Delete.
Other ways to perform a full shut down
If you prefer, you would rather perform a full shutdown by the use of the shutdown command from a Command prompt or PowerShell window. To achieve this, open a Command prompt or PowerShell window. For example, by searching for “Command prompt” inside the start menu and clicking its shortcut, or right-clicking the start button and choosing “Windows PowerShell.” type the following command, after which you press enter:
shutdown /s /f /t 0
This command instructs windows to shut down at once and forcibly close any open applications. The shutdown command will always carry out a full shutdown except you add the /hybrid option. And if it’s something you need to keep reachable, you can also make a shortcut that executes this command. All you need to do then is double-click the shortcut to perform a complete shutdown.
How to disable fast startup
In case you in no way need to use the fast Startup function, you may disable it from the Control Panel. for example, some older hardware devices might not be compatible with speedy Startup and might not reinitialize themselves nicely.
To disable fast Startup, head to Control Panel > system and security > power options > choose What the Power Button Does. click the “change settings that are currently unavailable” link at the top of the window. Uncheck the “turn on fast Startup (recommended)” option underneath Shutdown Settings, and then click the “save changes” button.
Although not all computer software problems are fixed by restarting your pc, see how to fix uninstall issues for extra tips; you might also need to troubleshoot in safe mode, but restarting might just be what you need sometimes.
We don’t recommend you disable fast Startup unless you’ve got a good cause to do so. It facilitates your pc boot quicker most of the time, and you may always perform a full shutdown with the hints we mentioned earlier. however, if you ever want to reinitialize your computer to repair computer problems, either click on “Restart” or hold Shift as you click “shut Down” to perform a full shutdown.
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